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Friday, October 27, 2017

Terraform debugging (Azure Storage long names)

I had strange problem with Terraform on Azure. Everything looked good, but ever time I got. I tried to changed few things. Didn't help. All the time:

* 1 error(s) occurred:

* Resource \
'azurerm_storage_account.vhds' not found for variable \

I couldn't find any explanation to me problems, so I started to look to increase amount of information from Terraform. I found that TF_LOG controls log level. I ran

TF_LOG=TRACE terraform plan| grep ERROR

And found following line:

2017/10/27 20:31:37 [ERROR] eval: *terraform.EvalValidateResource, \
err: Warnings: []. Errors: [name can only consist of lowercase letters and numbers, \
and must be between 3 and 24 characters long]

Yes, the create name was a bit long, but aaaa... The original error message is not the most obvious one.

Tuesday, March 07, 2017

OpenSSL and Azure VPN

I had to set up an Azure Point-to-Site VPN, but didn't want to do it from Windows machine (I'm Linux/MacOSX kind of the guy) but luckily I found this Aris Plakias' article which describe in a plain language with good example how to prepare all necessary certificates using OpenSSL.

Actually I've created this small script so I can easily repeat client creation step.

openssl genrsa -out ${name}1Cert.key 2048
openssl req -new -out ${name}1Cert.req -key ${name}1Cert.key -subj /CN="MyAzureVPN"
openssl x509 -req -sha256 -in ${name}1Cert.req -out ${name}1Cert.cer -CAkey MyAzureVPN.key -CA MyAzureVPN.cer -days 180 -CAcreateserial -CAserial serial
openssl pkcs12 -export -out ${name}1Cert.pfx -inkey ${name}1Cert.key -in ${name}1Cert.cer -certfile MyAzureVPN.cer

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Firefox update in Crux

Updating Firefox, without rebuilding all other ports in Crux, is not the easiest task. Quite often you need to update one of packages Firefox depends one, but not all of them.

In my case, limited space on root partition is an additional problem. In the same time I have another, much bigger partition attached.

To address both issues I prepared this small script. It updates require dependencies (autoconf, sqlite, libpng, nspr, nss) and then updates Firefox, but with working directory in no default location (PKGMK_WORK_DIR).

prt-get update autoconf
prt-get update sqlite3
prt-get update libpng
prt-get update nspr
prt-get update nss
PKGMK_WORK_DIR=/media/pictures prt-get update firefox

Sunday, January 01, 2017

Bringing my Crux Enligthement+ repo back to live [Part I]

I wasn't doing anything with my home Linux machines for some time and recently decided to change it a bit. There are quite a few projects I hope to push a  forward. For example put all my pictures from CDROMs/DVDs into Dropbox, enable internal streaming from my RPi, install Linux on my Dell laptop.To achieve the last one I tried Kubuntu, but it's not so easy properly configure KDE nowadays (KDE5). I tried Enlightenment from Ubuntu PPA, but it connman seemed to be broken. So it seemed that I had to use Crux. Another option could be Arch, but I had already spent quite a lot of time configuring Enlightenment for Crux.

The package repository is located at, and I keep my work in github wawrzek/crux-ports repository.

The first problem I encountered was issues with access to some .httpup related info:

Connecting to
Updating collection wawrzek
 Edit: wawrzek/.httpup-repo.current
Failed to download The requested URL returned error: 403 Forbidden
 Edit: wawrzek/.httpup-urlinfo
Failed to download The requested URL returned error: 403 Forbidden
Finished successfully

I host my repo on Linux virtual machine and I could easily confirm that all files has right access privileges, so I eliminated OS level problem. All other files in the same directory were properly accessible, so I started to suspect Apache configuration and that was a case. Apache Debian/Ubuntu configuration has block preventing web clients accessing .htaccess and .htpasswd, but definition is rather generous (^\.ht or everything what starts with string ".ht"). I decided that the simplist resolution is going to replace it with more specific rule (^\.ht(access|passwd)) what matches only ".htaccess" or ".htpasswd". Updated block of configuration is below:

# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
<FilesMatch "^\.ht(access|passwd)">
        Require all denied

Saturday, December 31, 2016

Control terminal name and comment block in VIM

Somewhere (I think it was Stackoverflow) I found simple command to control the name of terminal from commandline which works very nice with iterm2 tabs on MacOSX and decided to add to my zsh environment this function:

termname() {
 echo -en "\e]1; $1 \a"

And if we are saying about Stackoverflow one of the most useful Vim suggestion I've ever found is this instruction to comment/uncomment a multiple lines in VIM.

Tuesday, November 10, 2015

Many AWS accounts and Zsh

That might not be a common problem, but I have to deal with many AWS accounts in the same time. For example I might to have to run an Ansible playbook for one account and a CLI commend for other one in parallel. To make my life easier i wrote this ZSH function. (It's probably going to work in other advance shell).

There are two ways to use it.
  • awsenv list - returns the list of all available accounts/environments.
  • awsenv - sets, based on values provided in ~/.aws/credentaials and ~/.aws/config, AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY and AWS_DEFAULT_REGION.
The list is create with simple AWK script (assuming that any lines with "[]" is OK.

The actual command to set environment uses two AWK scripts. First one looks for requested account name and set variable "a" to 1. When "a" equals 1 it prints shell export command for access_key_id and for secret_access_key to  standard output, which is redirected to $TMP_FILE. Then it sources, prints and deletes that file.

Please note that in current form script requires access_key_id being define before secret_access_key.  Printing the value of all variables, especially secret_aceess_key could be consider as security weakness, so you might want to modify/remove "cat $TMP_FILE line.

# vim: set filetype=sh
awsenv () {
    if [[  $1 == list ]]
        print $1
        awk  '/\[.*\]/ {print $1}'  ~/.aws/credentials
        awk \
           /\['$1'\]/ {a=1};\
           /access_key_id/ {if (a==1){printf "export %s=%s\n", toupper($1), $3}};\
           /secret_access_key/ {if (a==1) {printf "export %s=%s\n", toupper($1), $3;a=0}}'\
            ~/.aws/credentials > $TMP_FILE
        awk \
            /\[profile '$1'\]/ {a=1};\
            /region/ {if (a==1){printf "export AWS_DEFAULT_%s=%s\n", toupper($1), $3; a=0}}'\
            ~/.aws/config >> $TMP_FILE
        source $TMP_FILE
        cat $TMP_FILE
        rm $TMP_FILE

Finally, initial version of this script and some discusion on profiles in older boto versions is in this post

Wednesday, September 02, 2015

Real "Get All Launch Configuration" In Boto

During my recent Ansible tests I created 'some' number of launch configuration, enough to reach account limit and I wanted/had to clean it. Boto sounded like a good candidate to do this. This few lines should address my problem.

import boto
import boto.ec2
import boto.ec2.autoscale

asg = boto.ec2.autoscale.connect_to_region('us-east-1')
results = asg.get_all_launch_configurations()

But it didn't. I could even found my launch configurations in the results sets. I figured out quickly that my results set is rather big and by default get_all_lunch_configurations method paging results (AFAIR default value is 20). Using example from this post on SDB I create following function doing what above method name promises - get all lunch configuration.

def get_all_launch_configuration(connection)
    """get_all_launch_configuration(connection) -
       returns results set of all launch configuration,
       regardless it size. Function require established
       boto.ec2.autoscaling connection."""

    results = connection.get_all_launch_configurations()
    token = results.next_token
    while True:
        if token:
            r =  asg.get_all_launch_configurations(next_token=token)
            token = r.next_token

    return results